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Topic-Based Messaging With Apache Ignite

Overview

Ignite distributed messaging enables topic-based cluster-wide communication between all nodes. Messages via a specified message topic can be distributed to all or sub-group of nodes that have subscribed to that topic.

Ignite messaging is based on the publish-subscribe paradigm where publishers and subscribers are tethered together with a common topic. When one of the nodes sends a message A for topic T, it is published on all nodes that have subscribed to T.

Note

Any new node joining the cluster automatically gets subscribed to all the topics that other nodes in the cluster (or cluster group) are subscribed to.

IgniteMessaging

Distributed messaging functionality in Ignite is available via the IgniteMessaging interface. You can get an instance of IgniteMessaging like so:

Ignite ignite = Ignition.ignite();

// Messaging instance over this cluster.
IgniteMessaging msg = ignite.message();

// Messaging instance over given cluster group (in this case, remote nodes).
IgniteMessaging rmtMsg = ignite.message(ignite.cluster().forRemotes());

Publish Messages

Send methods help sending/publishing messages with a specified message topic to all nodes. Messages can be sent in ordered or unordered manner.

Ordered Messages

The sendOrdered(…​) method can be used if you want to receive messages in the order they were sent. The timeout parameter is passed to specify how long a message will stay in the queue to wait for messages that are supposed to be sent before this message. If the timeout expires, then all the messages that have not yet arrived for a given topic on that node will be ignored.

Unordered Messages

The send(…​) methods do not guarantee message ordering. This means that, when you sequentially send message A and message B, you are not guaranteed that the target node first receives A and then B.

Subscribe for Messages

Listen methods help to listen/subscribe for messages. When these methods are called, a listener with specified message topic is registered on all (or sub-group of ) nodes to listen for new messages. With listen methods, a predicate is passed that returns a boolean value which tells the listener to continue or stop listening for new messages.

Local Listen

The localListen(…​) method registers a message listener with specified topic only on the local node and listens for messages from any node in the given cluster group.

Remote Listen

The remoteListen(…​) method registers message listeners with specified topic on all nodes in the given cluster group and listens for messages from any node in this cluster group.

Example

Ignite ignite = Ignition.ignite();

IgniteMessaging rmtMsg = ignite.message(ignite.cluster().forRemotes());

// Add listener for ordered messages on all remote nodes.
rmtMsg.remoteListen("MyOrderedTopic", (nodeId, msg) -> {
    System.out.println("Received ordered message [msg=" + msg + ", from=" + nodeId + ']');

    return true; // Return true to continue listening.
});

// Send ordered messages to remote nodes.
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
    rmtMsg.sendOrdered("MyOrderedTopic", Integer.toString(i),0);