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Introduction

In machine learning and statistics, classification is the problem of identifying to which of a set of categories (sub-populations) a new observation belongs, on the basis of a training set of data containing observations (or instances) whose category membership is known.

All existing training algorithms presented in this section are designed to solve binary classification tasks:

  • Linear SVM (Support Vector Machines)

  • Decision Trees

  • Multilayer perceptron

  • Logistic Regression

  • k-NN Classification

  • ANN (Approximate Nearest Neighbor)

  • Naive Bayes

Binary or binomial classification is the task of classifying the elements of a given set into two groups (predicting which group each one belongs to) on the basis of a classification rule.