ODBC Driver | Ignite Documentation

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ODBC Driver


Ignite includes an ODBC driver that allows you both to select and to modify data stored in a distributed cache using standard SQL queries and native ODBC API.

For detailed information on ODBC please refer to ODBC Programmer’s Reference.

The ODBC driver implements version 3.0 of the ODBC API.

Cluster Configuration

The ODBC driver is treated as a dynamic library on Windows and a shared object on Linux. An application does not load it directly. Instead, it uses the Driver Manager API that loads and unloads ODBC drivers whenever required.

Internally, the ODBC driver uses TCP to connect to a cluster. The cluster-side connection parameters can be configured via the IgniteConfiguration.clientConnectorConfiguration property.

<bean id="ignite.cfg" class="org.apache.ignite.configuration.IgniteConfiguration">
    <property name="clientConnectorConfiguration">
        <bean class="org.apache.ignite.configuration.ClientConnectorConfiguration"/>
IgniteConfiguration cfg = new IgniteConfiguration();

ClientConnectorConfiguration clientConnectorCfg = new ClientConnectorConfiguration();

Client connector configuration supports the following properties:

Parameter Description Default Value


Host name or IP address to bind to. When set to null, binding is made to localhost.



TCP port to bind to. If the specified port is already in use, Ignite will try to find another available port using the portRange property.



Defines the number of ports to try to bind to. E.g. if the port is set to 10800 and portRange is 100, then server will sequentially try to bind to any port from [10800, 10900] until it finds a free port.



Maximum number of cursors that can be opened simultaneously for a single connection.



Number of request-handling threads in the thread pool.

MAX(8, CPU cores)


Size of the TCP socket send buffer. When set to 0, the system default value is used.



Size of the TCP socket receive buffer. When set to 0, the system default value is used.



Whether to use the TCP_NODELAY option.



Idle timeout for client connections. Clients will automatically be disconnected from the server after being idle for the configured timeout. When this parameter is set to zero or a negative value, idle timeout will be disabled.



Whether access through ODBC is enabled.



Whether access through thin client is enabled.


You can change these parameters as shown in the example below:

<bean class="org.apache.ignite.configuration.IgniteConfiguration">
    <!-- Enabling ODBC. -->
    <property name="clientConnectorConfiguration">
        <bean class="org.apache.ignite.configuration.ClientConnectorConfiguration">
            <property name="host" value=""/>
            <property name="port" value="10800"/>
            <property name="portRange" value="5"/>
            <property name="maxOpenCursorsPerConnection" value="512"/>
            <property name="socketSendBufferSize" value="65536"/>
            <property name="socketReceiveBufferSize" value="131072"/>
            <property name="threadPoolSize" value="4"/>
IgniteConfiguration cfg = new IgniteConfiguration();
ClientConnectorConfiguration clientConnectorCfg = new ClientConnectorConfiguration();



A connection that is established from the ODBC driver side to the cluster via ClientListenerProcessor is also configurable. Find more details on how to alter connection settings from the driver side here.


The current implementation of Ignite ODBC driver only provides thread-safety at the connections level. This means that you should not access the same connection from multiple threads without additional synchronization, though you can create separate connections for every thread and use them simultaneously.


Apache Ignite ODBC Driver was officially tested on:


  • Windows (XP and up, both 32-bit and 64-bit versions)

  • Windows Server (2008 and up, both 32-bit and 64-bit versions)

  • Ubuntu (18.04 64-bit)

C++ compiler

MS Visual C (10.0 and up), g (4.4.0 and up)

Visual Studio

2010 and above

Building ODBC Driver

Ignite is shipped with pre-built installers for both 32- and 64-bit versions of the driver for Windows. So if you just want to install ODBC driver on Windows, you may go straight to the Installing ODBC Driver section for installation instructions.

For Linux, you will still need to build an ODBC driver before installing it. So if you are using Linux or still want to build the driver yourself for Windows, refer to the next section.

Building on Windows

To start with, install the dependencies below:

  • MS Visual C (10.0 and up), g (4.4.0 and up)

  • OpenSSL (32-bit or 64-bit versions)

  • CMake 3.6+

  • WiX Toolset and add it to %Path%.

Then, perform the following:

  1. Navigate to the %IGNITE_HOME%\platforms\cpp folder.

  2. Build drivers and installers using the following steps:

mkdir cmake-build-release-64
cmake --build . --target install --config Release
mkdir cmake-build-release-32
cmake --build . --target install --config Release

As a result, ignite-odbc-amd64.msi and ignite-odbc-x86.msi files should appear in %IGNITE_HOME%\platforms\cpp\install\amd64\bin and %IGNITE_HOME%\platforms\cpp\install\x86\bin directories respectively.

Building on Linux

On a Linux-based operating system, you will need to install an ODBC Driver Manager of your choice to be able to build and use the Ignite ODBC Driver. The ODBC Driver has been tested with UnixODBC.


The following packages need to be installed:

  • C++ compiler

  • cmake 3.6+

  • openssl, including header files

  • unixODBC

Installation instructions for several popular distributions are listed below:

sudo apt-get install -y build-essential cmake unixodbc-dev libssl-dev
sudo yum install -y epel-release
sudo yum install -y cmake3 unixODBC-devel openssl-devel make gcc-c++
sudo yum install -y cmake3 unixODBC-devel openssl-devel make gcc-c++

Building ODBC driver

  • Create a build directory for cmake. We’ll refer to it as ${CPP_BUILD_DIR}

  • (Optional) Choose installation directory prefix (by default /usr/local). We’ll refer to it as ${CPP_INSTALL_DIR}

  • Build and install the driver by executing the following commands:

sudo make install
sudo make install

After the build process is over, you can find out where your ODBC driver has been placed by running the following command:

whereis libignite-odbc

The path should look something like: /usr/local/lib/libignite-odbc.so

Installing ODBC Driver

In order to use ODBC driver, you need to register it in your system so that your ODBC Driver Manager will be able to locate it.

Installing on Windows

For 32-bit Windows, you should use the 32-bit version of the driver. For the 64-bit Windows, you can use the 64-bit driver as well as the 32-bit. You may want to install both 32-bit and 64-bit drivers on 64-bit Windows to be able to use your driver from both 32-bit and 64-bit applications.

Installing using installers

Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Redistributable Package for 32-bit or 64-bit should be installed first.

This is the easiest way and one should use it by default. Just launch the installer for the version of the driver that you need and follow the instructions:

32-bit installer: %IGNITE_HOME%\platforms\cpp\bin\odbc\ignite-odbc-x86.msi 64-bit installer: %IGNITE_HOME%\platforms\cpp\bin\odbc\ignite-odbc-amd64.msi

Installing manually

To install ODBC driver on Windows manually, you should first choose a directory on your file system where your driver or drivers will be located. Once you have chosen the location, you have to put your driver there and ensure that all driver dependencies can be resolved as well, i.e., they can be found either in the %PATH% or in the same directory where the driver DLL resides.

After that, you have to use one of the install scripts from the following directory %IGNITE_HOME%/platforms/cpp/odbc/install. Note, that you may need OS administrator privileges to execute these scripts.

install_x86 <absolute_path_to_32_bit_driver>
install_amd64 <absolute_path_to_64_bit_driver> [<absolute_path_to_32_bit_driver>]

Installing on Linux

To be able to build and install ODBC driver on Linux, you need to first install ODBC Driver Manager. The ODBC driver has been tested with UnixODBC.

Once you have built the driver and performed the make install command, the ODBC Driver i.e. libignite-odbc.so will be placed in the /usr/local/lib folder. To install it as an ODBC driver in your Driver Manager and be able to use it, perform the following steps:

  • Ensure linker is able to locate all dependencies of the ODBC driver. You can check this by using ldd command. Assuming ODBC driver is located under /usr/local/lib:

    ldd /usr/local/lib/libignite-odbc.so

    If there are unresolved links to other libraries, you may want to add directories with these libraries to the LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

  • Edit file ${IGNITE_HOME}/platforms/cpp/odbc/install/ignite-odbc-install.ini and ensure that Driver parameter of the Apache Ignite section points to where libignite-odbc.so is located.

  • To install the ODBC driver, use the following command:

odbcinst -i -d -f ${IGNITE_HOME}/platforms/cpp/odbc/install/ignite-odbc-install.ini

To perform this command, you may need root privileges.

Now the Apache Ignite ODBC driver is installed and ready for use. You can connect to it and use it just like any other ODBC driver.